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A Beginner’s Guide to Fishing Rods

If you’re planning to go fishing but you are not similar to fishing rods, then you might have to research about it. It is because it is a fun activity that cannot possibly be missed. There are few simple things that need to be taken into consideration.

First, your first attempt at using fishing rods to catch fish might not be perfect but it gets better every single time. Second, it must be kept with proper care and maintenance. Third, we need to know about their types and uses. Thus, let’s give it a quick read to know all about it!

Understanding fishing rods can be complicated, especially when it’s associated with all the other components. In simple words, they are 2 to 14 feet long and flexible rods that can be adjusted for catching fish. It is attached to a line that ends with a hook keeper.

High-quality fishing rods are an essential part of fishing as it helps the fishermen to control the fishes better. The length of the rod should also be suitable for the fisherman to cast further to drop a fish bait. It is laced with guides on top which help direct the line to the targeted location.

Parts and components of a fishing rod

For a fishing rod to work properly, many parts and components are needed. Starting from the bottom, the components are rod butt, butt cap, handle grip. and rod blank. These are located at the end of the fishing rod.

There’s a reel seat and reel handle above these parts which is used for securing the reel to the rod black.

Climbing up the fishing rod there are windings to support another component called guides, these direct the line from the reel to the last part called tip top. Hook keepers and ferrules are also located at the same points as the guides.

Fishing rod lengths and uses

Choosing the right length is important as it determines how far the fishermen can cast. The length of fishing rods ranges from 2 to 14 feet.

For a beginner, spinning rods and baitcasting rods are suggested as they usually have a length of 6 to 8 feet and can also be easily adjusted. 7 feet rods are known to be more user-friendly but for more accuracy in casting and dropping baits, shorter rods are recommended.

The shorter fishing rods are better in dirty water. It is also easier to control when the fish is large and strong as it doesn’t bend as much as longer fishing rods.

Fishing rod materials

There are traditional and contemporary fishing rods, the main difference between these two is their materials.


It is one of the most durable materials that can be used for catching large fish.


The highest-grade bamboo rods are known to be very strong.


They tend to be more durable than graphite rods.

Carbon fiber

Carbon rods have more sensitivity and are lighter than fiberglass.


The rod blank portion is usually made of metal.


These traditional rods are hard but they may break soon.

Every material has different capacities that have to be taken into consideration.

Fishing rod capacity

When fishing, one must know about fishing rod capacities, line rating, power, and lure rating before purchasing a fishing rod.

The rod capacity is more important as it determines the most appropriate breaking strain line that has to be used on the fishing rod with an accurate pull for that line set on the reel.

The capacity of a fishing rod depends upon the types, quality, and materials of the fishing rod. It is advisable to not cross or go near the fish rod capacity as it is most likely to lead to the rod breaking.

For instance, a fishing rod capacity of 10 kilograms may break when catching a fish of 8 kilograms, and it is quite common.

Types of fishing rods

There are several sorts of fishing rods. Such as –

Spinning rods

They are beginner-friendly.

Baitcasting rods

Great accuracy but hard to fix when tangled, as its reel is enclosed.

Telescopic Rods

It is lightweight and its length can be extended.

Trolling Rods

These have larger reels for fishing from moving boats.

Surf Rods

It can cast further but might be too heavy.

Fly Rods

Its rod acts as a lever to deliver fly lines uniquely.

Surf Rods

They are easier to grab as they have longer handles.

Kids Rods

It has a reel combo and is lightweight.

Ultra-light rods

It is suitable for smaller fishes and less durable.

Ice Fishing Rods

Fighting a large fish under an ice fishing hole is easy using these.

Pen rods

They are portable as they can be folded up.

Fishing rods price

The cost of fishing rods will mostly depend on their type and quality.

Generally, high-quality fishing rods will cost around $200. On the other hand, low-quality fishing rods can start from $20, but they might not be durable.

The average price range is around $25-$550. The setup will cost you around $50-$80. Used fishing rods and reels can also be purchased as they’re half cheaper than new ones.

 Surf and fly fishing rods usually cost $25-$30. Offshore rods such as trolling rods may cost around $30-$50 as they tend to be sturdy with more sensitivity.

However, the setup costs, reels, and fishing line costs may add up to make it expensive.

Must know for beginners

Choosing the right length, weight and type are essential when fishing.

When fishing from shore, it is recommended to use a longer rod to cast further. However, they might be heavier, making it hard to control larger fish.

Hence, when aiming for large fish, shorter rods such as pen, spinning, and baitcasting rods may be more suitable for beginners.

The material for fishing rods should also be sturdy. Graphite and fiberglass are known to be the best for beginners because of their lightweight and sensitivity.

Lastly, according to your position, it is important to know how to control your speed as it will determine the number of fish caught.

How does a fishing rod not break?

The fishing rods are mostly flexible and less prone to breaking as they’re made with durable materials like graphite, fiberglass, and carbon fiber.

It is also designed to handle a certain amount of weight, so when the weight limit and all the other rules are followed strictly, it does not break.

Hence, as long as there are no defects on the fishing rod, it will bend instead of breaking.

How to store fishing rods?

To store a fishing rod, find a suitable rack. It can be horizontal and vertical, but it shouldn’t be crowded with other things.

First, detach the reel and its flying lines from its rod and grease it to avoid damage. Next, wipe the fishing line and blades with a dry cloth as moisture can cause it to warp.

Finally, apply a thin coat of oil to avoid corrosion. This part is more essential when it is being stored in a cold area. Additionally, use a rod sleeve when storing as it protects the lower and higher ends of the rod.

Common fishing rod problems

Fishing rods might have some common issues, such as –

Branded line slippage on the spool

Usually happens in baitcasting and spinning reel.

Paw damage

Parts may need to be replaced.

Level Wind

It makes the movement difficult if dirt gets stuck in it.


Wrong line size causes tangles.


It may damage other parts.

Wearing out

It happens over time.

Old Bearings

Happens especially when the reel has been submerged.

Bail Spring

The spring cannot flip the bail back open.

Line Twist

It can cause loose lines and uneven distribution.

Cleaning & maintaining a fishing rod

It is essential to clean and maintain a fishing rod properly as dirty rods may cause it to warp. Here are some tips to maintain it:

Use vinegar and mild detergent while cleaning

Cleaning it properly prevents corrosion.

Rub some lubricant

Rub a thin coat of candle wax on the ferrules to prevent friction.

Fill small holes on the rod

Use cork filling and wood putty.

Avoid touching with dirty/sweaty hands

Sweaty hands lead to worn-out parts.

Prevent enclosed storages

It traps moisture that threatens its durability.

However, there are many fishing rods but choosing the right one depends on the type of fish you are aiming to catch, your location, and your position. It is because it is necessary to match the type and size of fish, rod, reel, and location.